Mustafa Kemal Pasha Setting Forth to Samsun
One of the most important moments in the history of the War of Independence under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is Mustafa Kemal Pasha and His Fellow Fighters taking the first step in Samsun on the 19th of May, 1919.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's Days in Samsun

30th April 1919 – The Government Decree related to the appointment of Mustafa Kemal Pasha as the Inspector of the 9th Army was approved by Sultan Vahdeddin.

5th of May 1919 - Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s appointment decree was published in Takvim-i Vekayi newspaper.

Bandirma Ferry which brought Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his brothers in arms to Samsun.

16th of May 1919 – Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his quarter members departed with the SS Bandirma on the 16th of May, 1919. His quarter members were Staff Colonel Refet Bey (General Refet Bele) (3. Kor. K.), Staff Colonel Manastirli Kazim Bey (General Kazim Dirik) (Inspectorate Chief), Dr. Albay Ibrahim Tali Bey (Ongoren) (Inspectorate Chief of Health), Staff Lieutenant Colonel Mehmet Akif Bey (Ayici) (Deputy Chief of Staff), Lieutenant Commander Husrev Bey (Gerede) (Headquarter Intelligence and Politics Department Chief), Artillery Lieutenant Commander Kemal Bey (Dogan) (Inspectorate Artillery Chief) Lieutenant Commander Dr. Refik Bey (Saydam) (Deputy Chief of Health), Lieutenant Cevat Abbas (Gurer) (First Military Assistant to the Inspectorate), Lieutenant Mumtaz (Tunay) (Staff Officer Asistant), Lieutenant Ismail Haki (Ede) (Staff Officer Asistant), Lieutenant Ali Sevket (Ondersev) (Inspectorate Adjutant), Lieutenant Mustafa Vasfi (Susoy) (Staff Commander.), First Lieutenant (Chief of Staff Adjutant and Inspectorate Chief Clerk), First Lieutenant Arif Hikmet (Gercekci) (Staff Officer Asistant, then 3rd Corps Commander Adjutant), First Lieutenant Abdullah (Quartermaster), Second Lieutenant Muzaffer (Kilic) (Inspectorate Second Adjutant), First Class Scribe Faik (Aybars) (Code Scribe), Fourth Class Scribe Memduh (Atasev) (Assistant Code Scribe), respectfully, in the order of rank. Although the Bandirma Ferry was stopped by the English Naval Forces offshore of the Maiden’s Tower, it was allowed to continue.

17th of May 1919 – Husrev Gerede, one of the people in the company of Mustafa Kemal Pasha in the journey to Samsun gave the following information related to the Samsun journey in his memoirs: ‘17th of May 1919, the weather is harsh. We are always on our beds. Mitralyoz Arif, Dr. Refik, Topcu Kemal, we are in the same cabin. Our cabin resembles a chamber of a wild animal. Occasionally, we lift our heads to say a few words. We approached Inebolu around 9.30. However, the night of the 17-18th of May was off. We arrived at Sinop Harbor at noon, on the 18th of May. Thankfully, the rocking of the boat ceased. We rushed out of our beds. Shaved, washed, got some air and sun on the deck; Dr. Refik’s mint water helped us to our senses. Sanjak Governor Mazhar Tevfik Bey, who came with us on the ferry at 3 and landed brought a piece of written information from Sinop, on the invasion of Izmir. The signs of the invasion of Izmir had started to be seen beginning with the 13th of May, the Protest of Annexation (Redd-I Ilhak) initiative emerged, and the invasion started on the 15th of May. After the conflict in Izmir, the Greek forces had to leave the city.’

The appointment of Mustafa Kemal Pasha to Samsun, photographed. (17 April 1919)
The 9th Army Inspectorate Flag handed to Mustafa Kemal Pasha when he was appointed to Samsun.
19th of May 1919
– Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his quarter members were able to arrive in Samsun in the morning of the 19th of May 1919. Lieutenant Commander Mahmut Ekrem Bey came to the ship with a rowing boat in the morning. Ekrem approached Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who was on the deck and gave a military salute. He said ‘Welcome, my Pasha.’ So, the first person to greet Mustafa Kemal Pasha in Samsun came to be Mahmut Ekrem Bey.

‘Tutun Iskelesi’ (Tobacco Dock), where Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his fellow fighters arrived in Samsun.

Mustafa Kemal arrived in Samsun with 18 soldiers by his side on the 19th of May, 1919.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha and quarter members were greeted by the public, who were lined at both sides of the pier and a battalion, whose arms were seized by the invasion forces. Mustafa Kemal settled in the Mantika Palas Hotel after. The flag of the 9th Army Inspectorate was hung at the balcony of the Hotel. The quarter members stayed in Karadeniz Hotel. They rested for a while there, went to the town hall and discussed the order in the country and its defense with the council members. Mustafa Kemal Pasha requested a report to be prepared from the Sivas, Van, Erzurum, Trabzon, Ankara, Kastamonu, Mamuretulaziz (Elazig), Diyarbakir Governorates, Erzincan Banner Governorate, the 15th Corps in Erzurum and the 20th Corps in Ankara Commanderies information related to the order in the region as soon as possible, with a telegram order. As can be understood from the telegram, the first action of Mustafa Kemal Pasha was to take precautions related to the public order problems in Samsun and about. Within this context, he proposed to the Government that Hamid Bey, who served as the Internal Affairs Undersecretary previously to be appointed as the Samsun governor, on the grounds that the governor did not take the necessary precautions for the assaults of the Rum gangs in Samsun and around against the Muslim public. Until the completion of the appointment procedures, he appointed the 3rd Corps Commander Albay Refer (Bele) Bey as his proxy with a temporary registration.

Mantika Palas Hotel where Mustafa Kemal Pasha stayed in Samsun (Today’s Gazi Museum)

20th of May 1919 – In the letter he sent to Grand Viziership, Mustafa Kemal Pasha informed that the invasion of Izmir by the Greeks deeply grieved the nation and the army, and the army and the nation could not accept this unjust offense in any way and the peace was able to be continued due to the trust invested in the Padishah and the Government that they will protect the rights of the people with precise attempts and actions. Furthermore, in another telegram he sent to the Grand Viziership on the same day, he wrote that the English were trespassing the armistice terms. As Mustafa Kemal Pasha indicated in the telegram, the English landed 200 soldiers to Samsun on the 9th of March 1919 against the terms of the armistice. On the 17th of May 1919, another 100 people were landed. As understood from the personal cards they hold, among them, there were two officers titled as Sivas inspection officers. These were Lieutenant Commander Richard and Lieutenant Commander Miles. As the English political representative stated, some of them would be sent to Sivas. According to Mustafa Kemal Pasha, in the case that the English landed troops at the locations they prefer and send their battalions into Anatolia, against the terms of the armistice, the effectiveness and existence of an Ottoman Government would be questioned. The public would be affected by these developments beyond doubt. In order to avoid facing such conditions, he requested the Government to prevent the attitude and behavior against the armistice terms and yield information on these political developments.

The Telegram Mustafa Kemal Pasha Informed the Viziership (Prime Ministry) about the situation in Samsun.

21st of May 1919 - Mustafa Kemal Pasha voiced the following particularities in his report dated 21st of May 1919. Some gangs formed separately especially by the deserters within the banner at the beginning of the mobilization, by Muslims, Rums and Armenian elements of the community were engaging in theft and murder. These actions did not carry a political intent at the beginning, however, as Rums and Armenians compulsorily immigrated to other regions, Rum and Armenian gangs, in particular, gained a political purpose. These political separatist gang operations which were supported by the Russians when the Russian invasion began had become more dangerous for the country and the precautions taken did not deliver. In the forming of the Islamic gangs operating in the region, no political intentions were determined. Having said that, the Rum gangs increased their assaults everywhere with their desire for Pontianism following the armistice. It is certain that the Pontus-sympathizer Rums, together with their gangs, are managed by the Rum Secret Society in Samsun and especially by the Rum Metropolitan Germanos. This was confirmed by the French Gendarme officer in Samsun, Favra. Favra sent a report that had been sent to the French representatives in Istanbul by the metropolitan to Mustafa Kemal Pasha secretly, counting near a hundred exaggerated events about the Muslims attacking the Christian public. As a result of the investigations, it was understood that the Greeks in Russia were forced to immigrate to the region in order to increase the Greek population in Samsun and about and some gangs landed on Samsun and vicinage from the sea. In addition, the fact that the soldiers were disbanded without knowing the number of the troops necessary for domestic security and the insufficiency of the gendarmerie forces dependent upon that fact contributed to the strengthening of the Rum brigand. Near 40 Rum gangs operated in Samsun and vicinage as from that date. The Muslims who were attacked by the Rum gangs resorted to and take shelter with the Islamic gangs in the region since they are not protected by the local Government. As a result, the present situation transpired. That means the Rum gangs started to threaten and wallop the Muslim public and in return, the gangs formed by the Muslims took defensive measures in some of the Muslim residential areas. According to the information that takes place in the report, Mustafa Kemal Pasha was able to investigate the events extensively in a short period of time and revealed the reasons for the lack of order in the region explicitly. In the same report, Mustafa Kemal Pasha also informed that he would present the precautions he had taken in order to protect the Muslim public from the Rum assaults and the results of the precautions to the related authorities in a short period of time.

Wax Sculpture of the meeting Mustafa Kemal and his Brothers in Arms in Gazi Museum

22nd of May 1919 - Mustafa Kemal Pasha and a few people of from the general staff met with Lieutenant Commander Horst, Military Inspection Officer Lieutenant Commander Zolther and Political Inspection Officer Lieutenant Commander Mill and conveyed his opinions and information gained from this meeting to the Viziership on the same day with another report. In the subject report, Mustafa Kemal Pasha stated that the facts behind the reasons of the banditry in Samsun, which he mentioned in his letter dated 21st of May 1919, were confirmed by the English representatives. In response to the English officer who pointed out to the fact that the Ottoman State could no longer rule Turkey on its own due to the situation that has emerged with the invasion of Izmir and they need the assistance of foreign states, he stated that the lack of order in Samsun was started by Greeks during the years of the war. He indicated that the Russians supported them and as a result, some of the Greeks had to immigrate compulsorily from the area. Having said that, he stated that if the Greeks were to give up their political ambitions, the lack of order would cease and the Turkish nation could not bear a foreign administration. During the time he was in Samsun, on one hand, Mustafa Kemal Pasha continued his activities regarding his duty and on the other hand, he exchanged correspondence with some of the commanders who were his close friends regarding the situation the country fell into. Finally, he sent a private coded telegram to Kazim Karabekir Pasha, who was the Commander of the 15th Corpse on the 21st of May 1919. In the telegram, he says that he was deeply sad and anxious about the changing situation of the country and he believed that it is possible to fulfill the last conscientious responsibility he owes to the nation and the country by working together. Therefore, he would meet with his person as soon as possible, however, the situation of Samsun and vicinage was deteriorating due to the lack of order and he had to spend a few days there. During the days he was in Samsun, Mustafa Kemal Pasha also investigated the complaints that were sent to the Domestic Affairs and War Offices by some of the Greeks in the area previously, regarding the lack of order created by the Muslim public in person and issued a report indicating that these were groundless and sent the report to the Viziership. In addition, Mustafa Kemal Pasha closely followed the English operation in the area and reported them to the Viziership and the General Staff with telegram.

23rd of May 1919 - Mustafa Kemal Pasha sent a telegram to Ali Fuat Pasha, the Commander of the 20th Corpse in Ankara and informed him about his arrival in Samsun. He informed that he wishes to be in contact with him more closely. This is an information generally found in history books. In the telegram, he indicated the following: ‘It has been five days since I arrived in Samsun. In order to have close contact with your personage and learn about your circumstances, health, and welfare; and due to the information regarding the Izmir vicinage that we might easily obtain, is it possible for a part of our corpse to succeed in coming to Ankara with their entirety? The situation in the Canik Banner is not in order. Colonel Refet Bey who have arrived at the third corpse commander with us undertook the Canik Banner Governorate as proxy. I will depart from Samsun to Havza in a few days with my quarter members. At your discretion, I await your telegram which will inform me about your decision previously to my departure from Samsun and send my deepest regards.’ Mustafa Kemal Pasha also sent a telegram to the Commander of the 15th Corpse, Kazim Karabekir Pasha who was in Erzurum the same day. In this telegram, Mustafa Kemal Pasha emphasized to Kazim Karabekir Pasha the importance of arranging meetings and protesting the invasion of Izmir, and for the army to support these activities and stand by the public.

24th of May 1919 – In another telegram he sent to the General Staff, Mustafa Kemal Pasha put forward that the reason the state remained inefficient in providing the order was the fact that gendarmerie forces were restricted by the entente states extensively. He requested the gendarmerie forces to be increased to at least seventy thousand in order to bring order and the attention of the entente states to be directed to this matter.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha had investigated the reason behind the lack of order in the area as he was bound by duty during the time he spent in Samsun and issued a report to the Viziership about the precautions to be taken. He followed the operations of the English political and military representatives in the region closely. In the telegram he issued to the Army Office, he explained the reason of his departure to Havza was to investigate the complaints coming from districts such as Merzifon, Vezirkopru, Amasya, Ladik, Havza regarding the lack of order in person, on the site. Thus and so, Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s days in Samsun came to an end and Samsun made history as the city that led him to Anatolia for this important journey.

25th of May 1919 - Mustafa Kemal and Quarter members began their travel to Havza in 3 automobiles from the Mantika Palas and Karadeniz Hotels. Mustafa Kemal and Quarter members stopped by the Kavak district directorate at noon. Here, he inculcated the Kavak notables to form a resistance organization (Mudafa-i Hukuk, literally: defense of rights). They moved to Havza. Mustafa Kemal Pasha was received in Pasa Mesudiye Hotel and the quarter members in the Mansion of Ali Osman Aga.

The road Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his fellow fighters took to Havza.

26th of May 1919 - Mustafa Kemal Pasha accepted a committee formed of 7 people representing Havza in his place of residence. Here, in the meetings held with the committee, he talked about the difficult and tragic situation Havza found itself in and advised them not to despair in any condition and to form a resistance organization immediately in order to defend the country and inform all of the neighboring districts about the matter.

28th of May 1919 – People of Havza founded a resistance organization under the leadership of the District Governor Fahri Bey and Mayor İbrahim Bey.

30th of May 1919 – The people of Havza organized a meeting in front of the town hall following the Islamic memorial service (mevlid) held after the prayer in the Yorguc Pasaoglu Mustafa Bey Mosque on Friday, with the request and leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha on the 30th of May 1919, which is regarded as the first meeting of the War of Independence. In this meeting, Fuad Bey of the notable people gave a speech. Fuad Bey said that the enemy who has invaded Izmir could invade Samsun and Havza and in order to prevent this and save Izmir, it was necessary to bear arms.

The ‘Ataturk House’ of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Havza

3rd of June 1919 – In his response to the Arms Office (Ministry) regarding the meetings, Mustafa Kemal Pasha stated the following: ‘I cannot see the strength and energy in anyone to attempt to forbid and stop the nation’s excitement and national demonstrations.

6th of June 1919 – A second meeting was held in Havza. One of the allied commanders General Milne gave an ultimatum to the Istanbul Government about Mustafa Kemal Pasha. The second meeting was held in Havza. In this meeting, Sitki Hodja, who was closely known and respected by the people of Havza, made a speech. The hodja stated the following in the meeting.

‘The fire has spread. We are on fire! Our only resort is to take arms.

Clean your guns immediately. The one who does not own a gun should take his axe, the one who does not own an axe should take a log in his hand, we will attack immediately!

We will first clean out the traitors within, who do not respect their bread, then the invaders in our country!’

8th of June 1919 – The Army Minister Sevket Turgut Pasha called Mustafa Kemal Pasha back to Istanbul. Mustafa Kemal Pasha carried out his works in Istanbul and other provinces of Anatolia during his days in Samsun and Havza by means of telegrams. These telegrams covered a wide area from Van to Kastamonu, from Trabzon to Diyarbakir, the provinces which fell under his jurisdiction as a military and administrative inspector. In addition, Mustafa Kemal Pasha sent telegrams to the Istanbul government. These telegrams generally carried the purpose of assuring and delaying the Padishah. In addition, he emphasized in the telegrams he sent to the Istanbul Government that the non-Muslims were not harmed anywhere, however, the events that had occurred in an atmosphere in which the future and the existence of the Turkish nation was being threatened were legitimate.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha urging the local public to build organizations which will be necessary in order resist against the Greek armed gangs and to save the country entirely caught the attention of the English. Informing the English Board of Commissioners in Istanbul from Samsun about Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s operations in Samsun and Havza, Lieutenant Commander Hurst reported the situation to Admiral Calthrope, the High Commissioner of England in Istanbul and the Foreign Minister Lord Curzon. In addition, in his report, Hurst notified that some army officers were going to Anatolia from İstanbul quietly, as well as Mustafa Kemal Pasha. Thereupon, the English diplomats put pressure on The Ottoman Porte and ensured that he was called back, in order to put an end to Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s work in Havza and render him inefficient. In addition, the English Attache in Istanbul instructed Hurst to follow the operations of Mustafa Kemal Pasha. Then, Hurst arrived in Havza and inspected the district. He held meetings with the Greeks first and Mustafa Kemal Pasha afterwards. In this meeting, Mustafa Kemal Pasha said to Hurst that the hot springs in Havza were good for his body, he would stay in Havza for a while and then, he would go to Amasya and to the south. Hurst notified the situation in Havza to English diplomats in reports.

10th of June 1919 – Disregarding the order that calls him back to Istanbul, Mustafa Kemal Pasha stated to the administrative and military authorities with a Circular Letter the following: ‘I take the oath that I will work together with the nation to the end with all of my being for our national independence on the all that is holy to me.’

12th of June 1919 – Mustafa Kemal Pasha coming to Havza and calling the public for the national struggle and creating a national consciousness in the Turkish nation, urging the people to organize meetings against the invasions did not escape the notice of the English and they pressured the Istanbul Government to ensure Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s return to Istanbul. However, in his response to the Istanbul Government, Mustafa Kemal Pasha stated that he would support the national struggle to the end, he would resign from his duty if necessary, join the public and pursue the national struggle. He went to Amasya from Havza in the morning.

Images from Havza in 1919.


Visitations at the First Day

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the President of the Republic, and his spouse Ms. Latife spent the night of the 19th of September in the Hamidiye Cruiser which was advancing through the open waters of the Black Sea in the direction of Ordu and Samsun. On the 20th of September 1924, in the early morning, the Hamidiye Cruiser arrived at Samsun city, which was the historical starting point of the War of Independence and a place of great significance in Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s life, with the Peyk-i Sevket Torpedo following it, slowly.

The President of the Republic Mustafa Kemal Pasha is welcomed at Tutun Iskelesi (Tobacco Dock). In the meantime, the people of Samsun were growing impatient to fulfill their longing of five years and see the Pasha, whom they waited for five years as soon as possible. Children and youth, the elderly, men and women, everyone rushed to the port with great joy and excitement. As the public stared at the horizon with impatience and curiosity, the steam of the Hamidiye rising to the sky was sighted. The excitement, happiness and joy topped at that moment. That day, Samsun was experiencing another historical day. Finally, the Hamidiye Cruiser approached the front of the Samsun port with the Peyk-I Sevker Torpedo. The public applauded the president of the Republic for a long time, with great joy and excitement and cries were heard from everywhere saying ‘Welcome, Gazi Pasha!’ A tremendous crowd was present at Tutun Iskelesi, which was unprecedented for the President of the Republic five years ago, on the 19th of May, 1919. The public was overflowing the streets furnished with flags, some of them were standing on the housetops and the windows of their houses to salute Gazi Pasha. Gazi Pasha was deeply moved by the joy and sincere cheers the public demonstrated for his person. In the evening hours, all of the city was lighted in the honor of the President of the Republic Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha with electric lamps and lanterns. That day, it was a Bairam day (holiday) in Samsun.

The children, the youth and the elderly, men and women, the people of Samsun greeted Mustafa Kemal Pasha with great joy and excitement.

Visitations on the 2nd Day

The President of the Republic, Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha joined the turning of the first sod ceremony of the Samsun – Carsamba railroad that Turkey built with the national capital for the first time in Samsun. Mustafa Kemal Pasha gave importance to the transportation and in the early Republican period, as the railroad investments were planned, large projects were taken on by the government and the construction of the short distance railroad projects were given to either local or foreign companies. The privilege of the Samsun – Carsamba railroad was given to a company established by Turks. Therefore, a Turkish investor attempted to construct a railroad for the first time. Thus, the foundation of the Samsun – Carsamba railroad which was 150 km long and 75 cm wide started with the national capital in Turkey for the first time was laid by the President of the Republic, within the borders of Samsun. In addition to the turning of the first sod ceremonies, the President of the Republic also visited the Military Hospital, Public Hospital, the house he resided in when he came to Samsun for the first time 5 years ago, the headquarters building and the Mintika Palas Hotel.

The President of the Republic Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, photographs from the turning of the first sod ceremony of the Samsun – Carsamba railroad that Turkey built with national capital for the first time.

Visitations on the 3rd Day

Mustafa Kemal Pasha visited and inspected the Samsun Military Unit, the 15th Division Headquarters and the barracks on his 3rd day in Samsun. He was very content with the perfect order, education and discipline at the site.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha toured the 15th Division Headquarters and the barracks.

Gazi Pasha stated very assuredly that the education the young Turkish Republic would provide and should provide for the new generation would be national, in the tea drinking the teachers of Samsun organized. At the end of the banquet, he wrote the following on the union diary: ‘I congratulate the ‘Samsun Teacher’s Union. The enlightened solidarity they have presented is worthy of the deepest admiration. The children of Samsun will benefit from the knowledge of this union greatly. It is the source of great pleasure and happiness to contemplate how strong the Turkish nation will be when the teacher’s union renders the whole nation an enlightened unity. I salute the leaders of this goal who will ensure a bright and happy consequence, respectfully.’

Visitations on the 4th Day

On the 23rd of September 1924, Tuesday, during Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s last day in Samsun, the Pasha spent the morning hours in the government office and had a long meeting with the Mayor of Samsun.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s visit to Samsun Municipality.

He obtained information on the problems of Samsun city and the needs of the people from the Mayor. In the mansion of Sahinzade Remzi Bey, where he stayed with his wife during Ghazi’s visitations in Samsun, he wrote the following words on the family album: ‘I document the hospitality and kindness we have received from the residents of Sahinzade Remzi Bey’s house, where we lodged during our days in Samsun, privately. 23rd of September, 1340, Gazi M. Kemal.’


Mustafa Kemal Pasha arrived in Samsun, where he first came 9 years ago in order to start the War of Independence, to teach and spread the new alphabetical letters to the public this time.

Visitations on the First Day

Mustafa Kemal Pasha arrived in Samsun with the Izmir Ferry. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who was received with great joy turned to Tokat parliament member Mustafa Bey for a second, who was among the welcoming committee and asked: ‘Are you teaching our new letters in Tokat?’ and complimented him. Going to the Government Office after visiting Gazi Park, Pasha conversed with the public gathered in front of the government office by going out to the balcony. Then, he went to the County Hall and observed the competition program about the Turkish letters between the civil servants. He tested all of the civil servants here on the subject of the new alphabet and the Deputy Health Office President Doctor Fahri Bey was found to be very successful in writing the new alphabet. Pasha addressed the civil servants and made the following speech: ‘Friends, I am really pleased. You have learned the letters well in a matter of five or ten days, as you continued to work your office hours on the other hand. Thank you. Hopefully, we will start teaching our new alphabet with an official act, soon.’ Mustafa Kemal Pasha continued to demonstrate the new letters in all of the meetings he participated in and among the crowds, as the opportunity presented itself.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha, as he demonstrates the new letters in Samsun.

Visitations on the Second Day

Mustafa Kemal Pasha thanked the Samsun public and the Second Precinct Investigator and Samsun parliament member Avni Bey for the preparations they have done for his second day. On the Pasha’s last night in Samsun, torchlight processions were organized to bid farewell to him.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha making examinations on the streets of Samsun…


Visitations on the 1st Day

The President of the Republic Mustafa Kemal Pasha arrived in the Samsun district Carsamba with an automobile at 14.30 on the 23rd of November 1930. The people of Carsamba were very pleased to see him at their side and demonstrated their contentment by applauding the Pasha constantly and giving sincere cheers. Pasha visited the government house first. He conducted some investigations at this location and then, visited the municipality. Pasha went to Samsun afterward.

A snapshot from the visit of The President of the Republic Mustafa Kemal Pasha to Carsamba.

Visitations on the 2nd Day

Mustafa Kemal Pasha wanted to go to Bafra on the second day; however, he could not go due to the weather in Samsun. He spent the day resting and reading books in his residence, which was Mintika Palas.

Visitations on the 3rd Day

Mustafa Kemal Pasha visited the government office first, then the municipality on the 3rd day of his visit. Then, he visited Samsun High School and attended the history, geography and philosophy lessons.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha in a Geography class on the 26th of November 1930, in a middle school.

In the classes he attended, he asked the students some questions and gave answers. After that, he visited the Samsun Turkish Heart. Pasha was very pleased with the attention he received, and what he saw and heard. As he left the Heart, he said that ‘It brings me happiness to converse with the valued and distinguished youth of the nation. I would like to prolong this happiness; however, I should not keep the ferry waiting. I am very pleased.’ and left the Heart in the company of excited applauds.

It was the Gazi’s last visit to Samsun. A statue was made for him in order to immortalize the memory of his journey to Samsun on the 19th of May 1919 in the eyes of the Samsun public and the opening ceremony of the statue was held on the 15th of January 1932.

A photograph of the Ataturk Statue of Honor from the Casting Workshop in Vienna.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha was invited to attend this ceremony; however, he could not attend due to various reasons. Since he was not able to not join the ceremony, Mustafa Kemal Pasha sent the following telegram to the Samsun Governor:

‘Dear Esteemed Samsun Governor Salim Bey, I was deeply moved by your telegram informing me about the valued feelings the public had demonstrated for my person. I you please, offer my thanks, affections, and regards to the people.

The President of the Republic Gazi M. Kemal”